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REN R100 Introduction to Forestry Course Page

Description: A general introduction to trees and other forest plants, forest ecology, and forest land-use planning. Includes discussions of the relationships between recreation, water, wildlife, agriculture, range and timber to forest management policies and practices in Alberta and elsewhere. Not available for credit to BSc Forestry or BSc Forest Business Management students. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 100 or FOR 100.

REN R101 Introductory Forestry Field School Course Page

Description: A general overview of the practice of Forestry. This orientation includes an introduction to basic forest measurements, forest management practices, and will include tours of a number of major forest operations in Alberta. Course runs for six days just prior to Fall registration. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 101 or FOR 101.

REN R110 Natural Resource Measurement Course Page

Description: Designed to introduce students to the principles and practices of measuring timber, water, range, wildlife, biodiversity and recreation.

REN R120 Introduction to Plant Identification Course Page

Description: Introduction to the classification, identification, distribution, habitat, and ecology of common trees, shrubs and herbaceous species typically found in Alberta and beyond. Lecture and labs emphasize the recognition of identifying characteristics and the use of dichotomous keys to identify about 250 plant species including higher taxa. A self-directed plant collection is mandatory and registered students are encouraged to contact the instructor during the summer months for instructions. Field exercises may take place off campus. This course requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar.

REN R201 Introduction to Geomatic Techniques in Natural Resource Management Course Page

Description: Methods and applications of surveying, global positioning systems (GPS), geographic information systems (GIS), photogrammetry, air photo interpretation and meteorological technologies as they relate to natural resource management. Credit will only be given for one of EAS 221 and REN R 201.

REN R205 Wildlife Biodiversity and Ecology Course Page

Description: Introduction to animals in the context of conservation, interactions with people, and roles in natural ecosystems. Labs provide a survey of North American animal life, both vertebrate and invertebrate, with emphasis on recognition of higher taxa and on hierarchical classification. Field trip. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 205 or ENCS 201. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar.

REN R210 Introduction to Soil Science and Soil Resources Course Page

Description: Elementary aspects of soil formation, soil occurrence in natural landscapes, soil classification, soil resource inventory; basic morphological, biological, chemical, and physical characteristics employed in the identification of soils and predictions of their performance in both managed and natural landscapes. Prerequisite: Must have completed a university-level course in life or natural sciences. A university-level chemistry course is strongly recommended. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 210 or SOILS 210.

REN R215 Forest Measurements Course Page

Description: Principles and practices of measuring and estimating present and future fibre production of forest communities, including applications of statistics, sampling techniques, regression analysis, and computer programming. Prerequisites: MATH 113 or 114, and *3 of statistics. Co-requisite: REN R 110. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 215 or FOR 210. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar.

REN R250 Water Resource Management Course Page

Description: Global perspective of supply of and demand for water, basic hydrologic principles, concepts in water management, human intervention in the hydrologic cycle, and environmental issues related to this intervention. Prerequisite: *30 at the university level with at least *6 in the life or natural sciences.

REN R260 History and Fundamentals of Environmental Protection and Conservation Course Page

Description: A philosophical and sociological exploration of historical and contemporary perspectives on human-environmental relationships and their implications. Explores these perspectives in a framework of critical thinking and through case studies. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 260 or ENCS 260.

REN R271 The Politics of Food and Natural Resources Course Page

Description: Students will gain a sociological understanding of contemporary Canadian politics in the food and natural resources sectors. Examination of the nature of political organizations and policymaking in Canada; the particular roles played by the state, the "public," and certain sectors of civil society, including social movements, industry organizations, labour unions, scientific organizations, and rural and aboriginal peoples. Contemporary case studies may include climate change and energy dependence, genetic engineering in agribusiness, the organic food products movement, mining in the circumpolar north, forestry expansion in the boreal region and cod management in the Atlantic fisheries. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 271 or ENCS 271.

REN R299 Environmental and Conservation Sciences and Forestry Field School Course Page

Description: Combines the concepts, theories and practices of environmental, conservation and forest sciences in an off-campus field experience. Field skill proficiency in planning, measurement, analysis and reporting is emphasized for biophysical and socioeconomic components of the environment. Prerequisites: *45 university credit and REN R 110. (REN R 210 or SOILS 210) and a plant identification course are strongly recommended. Students must complete this course prior to completion of the final *30 of their program. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. Consent of Instructor is required for students outside the Faculty of Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sciences. Credit may not be obtained in this course if previous credit has been obtained for ENCS 207 or FOR 302/303/304.

REN R301 Topics in Renewable Resource Course Page

Description: Directed study in the multiple aspects of renewable resources. Open to second year (or higher) students upon consent of instructor.

REN R307 Environmental Assessment Principles and Methods Course Page

Description: Principles and elements of environmental assessment with an interdisciplinary focus. Topics include types of environmental assessments, when to use them, data required, sampling strategies, how data should be collected and analyzed and ultimately communicated to pass legal and scientific scrutiny. Prerequisites: PL SC 221 and STATS 151 and (REN R 205 or ENCS 201) and REN R 250 and (REN R 210 or SOILS 210) and (REN R 299 or FOR 302/303/304); or equivalents. Consent of instructor required for students outside the Faculty of Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sciences. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 307 or ENCS 307.

REN R314 Forest Soils Course Page

Description: Chemical, physical, and biological properties and processes of soil in relation to site and the growth of forest vegetation; nutrient cycling; influences of surface soil erosion, fertilization, and fire upon forest soil productivity: forest land classification. Prerequisite: REN R 210 or SOILS 210. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 314 or FOR 314.

REN R321 Tree Physiology Course Page

Description: Study of physiological processes in trees. Emphasis on primary and secondary metabolism, gas exchange, transport processes, growth, and environmental effects. *3 Chemistry and one of BIOL 107 or PL SC 221 are strongly recommended.

REN R322 Forest Ecosystems Course Page

Description: Exploration of key concepts regarding the ecology of forest ecosystems at varying temporal and spatial scales. Emphasis will be on relationships between biotic and abiotic components of the ecosystem. Topics covered will include flows of energy and matter, ecosystem dynamics, forest landscapes and biodiversity, impacts of natural and anthropogenic disturbance forest conservation and ecosystem management. Lab exercises during the first month are held outside. The course is taught using a blended learning approach. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. Prerequisite: BIOL 208 or consent of instructor. Credit will only be given for one of REN R 322 or FOR 322.

REN R323 Silviculture Course Page

Description: Forest regeneration principles and techniques; stand tending including fertilization, thinning, pruning and drainage; harvesting systems for reforestation; nursery practices; reforestation, the law and current practices. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. Prerequisite: BIOL 208 or consent of instructor. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 323 or FOR 323.

REN R327 The Mosses of Alberta: Conservation and Identification Course Page

Description: This is an introduction to identification and conservation of the mosses of Alberta, with a strong emphasis on field identification. Students are introduced to the morphological characters used to identify Alberta mosses, with supplementary information about individual species' habitat affinities and distribution within Alberta. Lecture topics include basic morphology, conservation and management of species diversity, and rare/endangered species found within Alberta. Students learn to identify more than 110 species from the province's six major natural regions. Prerequisites, PLSC 221 or BIOL 208, or consent of instructor.

REN R333 WETLAND SCIENCES / MANAGEMENT Course Page
No description available for this course.
REN R335 Forest Operations Course Page

Description: Harvesting and transportation methods and technologies as applied to wood-harvesting operations. This is a general course for students who desire a basic knowledge of current technologies used to conduct forest operations. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisites: a minimum of *54 university-level credits, or consent of instructor. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 335 or FOREN 335.

REN R340 Introduction to Fire Science and Management Course Page

Description: Fire thermophysics, combustion energetics, fire behavior, fuels measurement and manipulation, fire effects; prescribed burning and introduction of fire spread models. Applications of fire as part of sophisticated forest management. Credit will be granted for only one of REN R 340 or FOR 340.

REN R345 Wood Science and Utilization Course Page

Description: The anatomy and identification of woods; biological, chemical, and physical properties of wood and its components. Lumber, pulp and paper, and reconstituted wood products technologies. Concept of integrated utilization. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 345 or FOREN 355.

REN R350 Physical Hydrology Course Page

Description: Principles of physical and land-use hydrology. The interaction of vegetation, soils, and storage processes with physiography and climate in regulation of hydrologic processes and hydrologic response of watersheds including effects of disturbance on these functions. Prerequisite: REN R 210 or SOILS 210 or written consent of Instructor.

REN R360 Soil and Water Conservation Course Page

Description: Global soil and water resources and their current rates of degradation. The main processes of degradation (erosion, loss of organic matter, salinization, pollution) and their causes. Consequences of degradation and conservation of resources through improved land use practices. Prerequisites: (REN R 210 or SOILS 210) and REN R 250. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 360 or ENCS 360.

REN R364 Principles of Managing Natural Diversity Course Page

Description: Introduction to the theoretical foundation for conservation science. Elements of population, community and landscape ecology will be reviewed, and their application to real-world challenges discussed. Objective is to provide students with the scientific tools to evaluate and develop conservation strategies for maintaining diversity in human-altered systems. Ethical and philosophical aspects of the sociopolitical arena in which conservation decisions are made and implemented are also explored. Prerequisites: BIOL 208 or (BIOL 108 and REN R 110) and *60 of university-level coursework. Credit will only be given for both REN R 364 and (ENCS 364 or BIOL 367). This course has limited enrolment, with preference given to students in the Conservation Biology major of the ENCS Program.

REN R365 Ecology of Northern Landscapes Course Page

Description: A study of landscape properties - pattern, process and scale - and their relationship to broad-scale ecological and environmental issues in northern systems. Prerequisite: REN R 364 or ENCS 364. Registration requires enrolment in the BSc Environmental and Conservation Sciences (ENCS) Northern Systems Major, or consent of Department.

REN R366 Restoration Ecology Course Page

Description: Principles and practices of restoring ecosystem structure, function and biodiversity after natural or anthropogenic disturbances. The course focuses on ecological theory and how to apply it to ecological restoration. Topics include landscape processes and connectivity, soil-plant processes, techniques, philosophy and ethics and societal aspects of ecological restoration. Prerequisite: BIOL 208.

REN R368 Management and Utilization of Forest Genetic Resources Course Page

Description: Basic principles in plant genetics and resource utilization including tree improvement and reclamation will be covered. Regular lectures will be supplemented with guest lectures and one lab exercise or field trip per month, an individual term report and a group project presentation/poster will be assigned. Prerequisite: *30 university credit.

REN R376 Fisheries and Wildlife Management Course Page

Description: Principles of ecology as applied to the management of fisheries and wildlife communities. Topics include the growth and regulation of populations, interactions among species and their environments, tools and techniques used to assess and manage fisheries and wildlife. Special emphasis will be placed applying knowledge using case studies and class exercises to demonstrate key principles. Prerequisite: BIOL 208. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 376 or ENCS 376.

REN R401 Topics in Renewable Resources Course Page

Description: Directed study in the multiple aspects of renewable resources. Open to third or fourth year students upon consent of instructor. Some sections require payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar.

REN R405 Intermediate Forest Problems Course Page

Description: Individual study. Problems in specialized areas of forest science. Prerequisite: consent of Instructor.

REN R414 Agroforestry Systems Course Page

Description: Principles, complexity, and diversity of agroforestry. Classification of agroforestry systems. Agroforestry systems in North America, specifically Canada. Plant and soil aspects of and interactions among the components in agroforestry systems. Use of agroforestry systems to enhance land productivity and sustainability. Socioeconomic aspects of agroforestry. Prerequisite: 60 units of university courses.

REN R421 Advanced Tree Physiology Course Page

Description: Stress physiology of trees and tree seedlings; mechanisms of stress action and stress resistance; effects of silvicultural practices on growth and physiology; planting stress. Prerequisite: consent of Instructor.

REN R423 Advanced Silviculture Course Page

Description: Readings, discussions and exercises on current topics in silviculture. Possible topics include: forest microsites, forest competition, plantation forestry, partial-cut systems, or intensive management. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: REN R 323 or FOR 323. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 423 or FOR 423.

REN R426 Geographical Information Systems Applications in Renewable Resources Course Page

Description: A combination of computer lab instruction and directed studies in applied GIS. The focus of the course is an individual project of the student's choosing. Prerequisites: EAS 221, REN R 201, or FOREN 201, or consent of Instructor.

REN R427 SCIENCE POLICY/CANADA'S NORTH Course Page
No description available for this course.
REN R430 Forest Resources Management Course Page

Description: Analytical techniques used by renewable resource managers for management of wildland areas for single or multiple outputs; problems of defining optimality when confronted with competing uses and multiple outputs. Prerequisite: *54 of University credit.

REN R431 Integrated Forest Management Course Page

Description: Problem solving, decision making and planning in relation to the management of forest resources. Application of models and related tools. Public involvement and issues management will be addressed. Prerequisite: REN R 299 (or FOR 302, 303, 304) and (REN R 323 or FOR 323) and REN R 430. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 431 or FOR 431.

REN R440 Disturbance Ecology Fundamentals Course Page

Description: This course will cover various aspects of disturbance ecology, including concepts of disturbance frequency, severity, intensity; ecological resilience and resistance and ecosystem responses to and recovery from disturbance. Students will define what a disturbance is and critically evaluate disturbance types and their characteristics in different ecosystems and their implications for conservation, sustainability of ecosystems, and application to reclamation / restoration. Prerequisites: minimum of *54 of university-level credits, and BIOL 208.

REN R441 Soil Formation and Landscape Processes Course Page

Description: Soil formation, with emphasis on landscape processes as factors in soil development; pedogenic processes and their relation to environmental issues; soils; vegetation, and geological associations; kinds and distribution of soils in Canada; soil classification; field examination and computer-assisted learning of soils and their landscape. Field trips. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. Prerequisite: REN R 210 or SOILS 210 or consent of instructor. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 441 or SOILS 420.

REN R442 Soil Biogeochemistry Course Page

Description: Introduction to the main components of the soil biota; the metabolic and molecular diversity of microbial populations and their role in soil processes; the microbiology and biochemistry of decomposition of organic matter in soil; biogeochemical cycling of N, P, S, Si, base cations and metals; and the application of soil microbiology to selected environmental problems. Prerequisite: REN R 210 or SOILS 210, or consent of instructor. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 442 or SOILS 430.

REN R443 Soil Physics Course Page

Description: Quantitative characterization of soil physical properties. Description and measurement of soil physical properties and transport processes in soils. Examples from areas of land resource management, soil remediation, agriculture, and forestry will be used to illustrate the principles. Prerequisites: (REN R 210 or SOILS 210) and *60 university credit in the sciences. Credit will only be given for one of REN R 443 or SOILS 440.

REN R444 Environmental Soil Chemistry Course Page

Description: Chemical processes in soil and related terrestrial environments and the consequences of these processes as they relate to soil productivity, environmental quality and pollution of soil and water. The course describes fundamental chemical concepts such as soil solution and solid phase chemistry, sorption phenomena, ion exchange, oxidation-reduction reactions and speciation of metals. These concepts are used to predict the fate (distribution, transport, bioavailability and transformation) of inorganic and organic contaminants in soil. The chemical principles provide fundamental knowledge to develop soil reclamation strategies and nutrient management practices for enhanced crop production. Prerequisite: A chemistry course plus completion of (REN R 210 or SOILS 210) or consent of instructor. Credit will only be given for one of REN R 444 or SOILS 450.

REN R445 Soil Fertility Course Page

Description: Essential plant nutrients; factors influencing nutrient availability; methods of evaluating soil fertility; correction of soil fertility problems; manufacture, composition, and use of fertilizers. Prerequisite: REN R 210 or SOILS 210. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 445 or SOILS 460.

REN R446 Climates and Ecosystems Course Page

Description: The basic principles by which the cycles of water, carbon, and nutrients through soils, plants, and the atmosphere are controlled in terrestrial ecosystems under different climates. Interrelationships among water, carbon and nutrient cycles in natural and managed ecosystems that have developed in different climatic zones. Environmental consequences of human intervention in the cycles for food and fibre production in different ecosystems. Prerequisite: REN R 210 or SOILS 210. Recommended courses: PL SC 221 or BOT 340. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 446 or ENCS 461.

REN R447 Forest Health Course Page

Description: This course focuses on understanding and managing insects and diseases in natural and managed forest ecosystems and characterizes how they interact with the environment and each other to affect ecosystem functions and properties. Prerequisites: minimum of *54 university level credits and BIOL 208.

REN R450 Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture Course Page

Description: Land-management issues that influence the sustainability of both agriculture and the land resource. Role of ecological processes in determining sustainability and the development and adoption of practices that facilitate long-term viability of both agriculture and biophysical resources. The concept of the agro-ecosystem and application of ecological principles to agricultural land management. Use of environmental indicators to measure and predict long-term sustainability of agricultural land management. Prerequisites: *60 at university level including (REN R 210 or SOILS 210), and (BIOL 208 or PL SC 221).

REN R452 Forest Watershed Management Course Page

Description: Seminar discussions/presentations on issues and methods in forest management and the production, protection, and regulation of wildland water resources. Relationship between disturbance (natural/anthropogenic) and water yield, regime, water quality. Watershed management as a component of integrated wildland management (ECA procedures, hydrologic modeling, stream protection zones (SPZs), best management practices (BMPs) and cumulative effects assessment). Prerequisite: *60 at university level.

REN R462 Protected Areas Planning and Management Course Page

Description: Principles and practices of planning and management of protected areas, including national and provincial parks and forest recreational systems; wilderness management; the integration of biological and sociological criteria in protected areas planning and management. Prerequisites: (REN R 260 or ENCS 260) and (REN R 364 or ENCS 364). Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 462 or ENCS 462.

REN R463 Biological Adaptations to Northern Environments Course Page

Description: An overview of evolutionary processes and their role in shaping animals and plants in northern environments; adaptations to extreme conditions and potential effects of climate change will be explored. Prerequisite: BIOL 208 or equivalent. Registration requires enrolment in the BSc Environmental and Conservation Sciences (ENCS) Northern Systems Major, or consent of Department.

REN R464 Conservation and Management of Endangered Species Course Page

Description: Theoretical and applied considerations for maintaining endangered, threatened and rare populations and species, including provincial, national and international strategies. Contributory factors to decline and extinction are discussed, as are various recovery programs. Prerequisite: REN R 364 or ENCS 364, or consent of Instructor. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 464 or ENCS 464.

REN R465 Environmental and Conservation Field Studies Course Page

Description: Field trip studies with a focus on environmental and conservation biology topics. Course content and offerings vary from year to year, and have included study trips on Northern Ecosystems, National Parks, and Protected Areas, Arctic Tundra, the Florida Everglades, and Galapagos Islands. Prerequisite: *9 in biological or ecological topics. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 465 or ENCS 465. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar.

REN R466 Climate Change and the North Course Page

Description: Current and projected impacts of climate change on the circumpolar north, including the land, its biota, northern communities, and drivers that shape these interactions. Prerequisite: enrolment in the BSc Environmental and Conservation Sciences (ENCS) Northern Systems Major, or consent of Department.

REN R467 Methods of Environmental Interpretation and Communication Course Page

Description: Methods of communicating environmentally relevant subject matter to a broad audience. Includes discussion of guided walks, in-person presentations, brochures, visitor centers, exhibits, signs, magazine articles, books, video production, media relations skills, websites and ecotourism. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 467 or ENCS 467.

REN R468 Conservation of Genetic Resources Course Page

Description: Principles and issues in conserving and managing plant and animal genetic resources from the global perspective. Lectures will be supplemented with case studies. Students are assigned tasks, individually and in groups. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

REN R469 Biodiversity Analysis Course Page

Description: Introduction to the theory and application of biodiversity with an emphasis on quantitative analysis of biodiversity. The course covers the concepts of biodiversity (genetic, species and ecosystem), diversity measurements, estimation of species richness, synthetic patterns and generating mechanisms of species diversity (species-abundance, species-area, distribution-abundance, local-regional, beta diversity, richness-productivity, body size-richness, etc.) and the implications of the patterns and theories to the conservation of biodiversity. Laboratory session involves using statistical software R for analyzing various diversity data. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

REN R473 Northern Resource Management Course Page

Description: In-depth analysis of topical issues in northern resource management, including both ecological and socio-political dimensions, and emphasizing underlying scientific principles and adaptive management strategies. Prerequisite: enrolment in the BSc Environmental and Conservation Sciences (ENCS) Northern Systems Major, or consent of Department.

REN R474 Utilization of Wildlife Resources Course Page

Description: Issues, principles and science surrounding sustainable use of wildlife resources. Hunting, angling and trapping for subsistence, recreational and commercial purposes. Sociopolitical dimensions of harvest regulation, wildlife administration, and human demographic changes. Field trips. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. Prerequisite: minimum of *6 of Renewable Resources or Biological Sciences courses at the 300-level or higher. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 474 or ENCS 474.

REN R476 Advanced Fisheries and Wildlife Management Course Page

Description: Fisheries and wildlife systems management. Approaches covered, include: age/growth analysis, demographics, systems analysis, and other computer and modelling applications in fisheries and wildlife management. Prerequisites: *60 at the university level with at least *6 in Biology or Ecology. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 476 or ENCS 476.

REN R480 Experimental Design and Data Analysis in the Environmental Sciences Course Page

Description: Introduction to the scientific method; presentation of quantitative data in forestry, conservation and environmental sciences; common research approaches and experimental designs; fundamental concepts of statistics; classical hypothesis testing and Bayesian inference; parametric and nonparametric statistical tests; tests for binomial data; linear, non-linear, and multiple regression. Prerequisite: a minimum of *60 of university-level course; *3 introductory statistics recommended. [Renewable Resources]

REN R482 Soil Remediation Course Page

Description: Principles and methods of biological, chemical, and physical remediation of soils contaminated by hazardous chemicals and other pollutants. Topics include soil-contaminant interactions, microbial processes used in remediation and process fundamentals of remediation technologies including bioremediation and phytoremediation. Other important environmental issues associated with growing industrial activities such as off-shore oil spills, and production of red mud sludge and oil sands tailings are included with potential remediation strategies to address those issues. This course describes approaches to managing contaminated sites incorporating Canadian guidelines and soil quality criteria for soil remediation. Prerequisites: At least *75 university credit with emphasis on biophysical courses, and (REN R 444 or SOILS 450 or REN R 442 or SOILS 430) recommended. Credit will only be given for one of REN R 482 or ENCS 455.

REN R483 Waste Management and Utilization Course Page

Description: Chemical, biological, and physical properties of anthropogenic wastes, their reactions in the soil environment, theory and practice for their chemical and biological immobilization and use in agriculture, forest, and urban lands. Prerequisites: consent of Instructor, must have completed at least *60 at the university-level. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 483 or ENCS 475.

REN R491 Land-use Planning in Canada's North Course Page

Description: Contemporary approaches to land-use planning applied to northern systems in Canada, addressing the integration of social, environmental and economic values, and maintenance of ecosystem integrity through proactive measures. Prerequisites: enrolment and *81 credits at the university level in the BSc Environmental and Conservation Sciences (ENCS) Northern Systems Major, or consent of Department.

REN R495 Land Reclamation Course Page

Description: Principles, practices, and philosophy of reclamation of degraded lands. Topics include types of land disturbances and regulations governing their reclamation, landscape development, site preparation, soil reclamation and remediation, revegetation, seed mix design, planting methods, plant species selection, monitoring, determining success, plant community ecology and change, bioengineering, phytoremediation, vegetative reclamation, and ecological restoration. Team based land reclamation project required. Should be taken in students' last year as the Capstone Course for the Land Reclamation Major. Prerequisites: *90 university credit including introductory courses in soil science, hydrology, ecology, and vegetation science; and REN R 307 or ENCS 307 or equivalent; and *3 in vegetation science at the 300-or 400-level (e.g. botany, forestry, plant ecology, plant resources, plant science, range science, weed science); and *6 in soil science at the 300-or 400-level. Prerequisites or corequisites: *3 in vegetation science at the 300-or 400-level; and *3 in soil science at the 300-or 400-level; and REN R 482 or ENCS 455. ENCS 406 recommended. Note: This course is not open to anyone who has taken REN R 475 or 485.

REN R496 Conservation Planning Course Page

Description: Conservation Planning is a quantitative, inter-disciplinary applied science that prioritizes conservation actions in a spatially-explicit manner. It seeks to understand trade-offs between biological, social and economic factors associated with land use activities. The course is a combination of computing labs that demonstrate key principles and software, lectures to discuss key issues, and a student-led final project to apply key concepts and quantitative techniques. Special emphasis is given to Alberta's land use planning challenges, although North American examples and exercises are also used. Prerequisites: Consent of instructor, or (REN R 364 or ENCS 364) and (REN R 201 or EAS 221) and (STATS 141 or STATS 151) and *81 university level credits.

REN R501 Topics in Renewable Resources Course Page

Description: Directed study in the multiple aspects of renewable resources. Open to fourth year or graduate students upon consent of instructor.

REN R511 Wetland Resource Management Course Page

Description: An in-depth, seminar treatment of wetland ecology principles supplemented with student led discussion of wetland issues, management and current research drawn from local, regional and international sources. The course objective is to apply ecological bases of wetland ecology to understanding, developing and critiquing wetland management prescriptions. Prerequisite: consent of Instructor. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 511 or ENCS 510.

REN R522 Advanced Forest Ecology Course Page

Description: Current topics in forest ecology are dealt with through lectures, student seminars, readings, and discussion. Possible topics include: ecosystem management, forest fragmentation, biodiversity, succession, community dynamics, environmental impacts of harvesting, `New Forestry.' Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Offered in alternate years. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 522 or FOR 522.

REN R523 Silvicultural Systems Course Page

Description: Silvicultural systems encompass a planned program of silvicultural treatment extending throughout the life of a stand. In this course we visit and examine a variety of silvicultural systems including: clearcutting with natural regeneration and/or planting, seed trees, shelterwood, selection, and variable retention systems. We discuss impacts and implications of these systems in terms of resulting stand structures, cost, risk, growth and yield, habitat, and other issues. The course involves a 10 to 14 day field trip (in May, June or August) to visit a range of silvicultural systems used in forests in western Canada or other regions, as well as written assignments. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. Standard University tuition and fees apply. Prerequisite: REN R 323 or FOR 323 or consent of the instructor. Offered in alternate years during summer term. This course has limited enrolment and is closed to web registration. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 523 or FOR 523.

REN R535 Operations Research for Natural Resource Management Course Page

Description: Mathematical programming, decision analysis and computer simulation applied to natural resource management problems. Prerequisites: AREC 214 or MATH 120 and at least *60 credit in university courses.

REN R550 Advanced Soil Chemistry Course Page

Description: Principles of thermodynamics and complex chemical reactions as applied to soil systems. Topics will include electrical double layer theory thermodynamics of soil water (total and component potentials); soil solutes (Electropotentiometric measurements, chemical equilibria, solubility, activity ratio diagrams, complex formation, speciation using computer modelling); ion exchange/adsorption; (isotherms, selectivity, solid phase activity coefficients, exchange equilibria constants, specific adsorption, molecular models). Prerequisite: consent of Instructor. Credit may be obtained for only one of REN R 550 or SOILS 550.

REN R580 Biometrical Techniques in Agri-food, Environmental and Forest Sciences Course Page

Description: Application of biometrical techniques in agri-food, environmental, and forest sciences with emphasis on complex analysis of variance designs (i.e., mixed models, split-plot, nested designs, repeated measures, analysis of covariance), regression (linear, non-linear, Poisson); approaches to analysis of categorical data, non-parametric techniques. Prerequisite: a minimum of *90 of university-level course work, REN R 480 (or equivalent), or consent of instructor. (Offered jointly by the Departments of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science and Renewable Resources.)

REN R595 Advanced Land Reclamation Course Page

Description: An examination of current topics in land reclamation, ecological restoration, revegetation and remediation of degraded lands. Topics cover vegetation and soil responses to disturbance and development of reclaimed (eco) systems through anthropogenically mediated and natural recovery. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: consent of Instructor.

REN R603 Graduate Research Skills Course Page

Description: Prepares graduate students to function in a research environment. Focuses on the development of communication and presentation skills, the publication process, and proposal preparation. The grade is credit/no credit.

REN R604 Graduate Research Seminar Course Page

Description: Prepares graduate students to function in a research environment. Focus is applied communication of research. All students are required to present a seminar, present a research poster, and critique a seminar. Attendance at the seminars and poster session is required. If possible, REN R 604 should not be taken until the student has some research results to present. The grade is credit/no credit.

REN R690 Applied Multivariate and Spatial Statistics Course Page

Description: This course introduces descriptive multivariate and spatial statistical techniques for analysis of biological and environmental data. The mathematical foundations of techniques are discussed, but the emphasis of this course is visualization, analysis, and interpretation of complex environmental data sets. Topics include: (1) database management, (2) vector and matrix operations, (3) all basic multivariate techniques, (4) distance-based ordinations, (5) principles of spatial statistics, (6) multivariate analysis of spatial data, and (7) ecological modeling applications. Students will conduct a course project based on their own data sets. Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor.

REN R710 Environmental Assessment Principles and Methods Course Page

Description: Principles and elements of environmental assessment with an interdisciplinary focus. Topics include types of environmental assessments, when to use them, data required, sampling strategies, how data should be collected and analyzed and ultimately communicated to pass legal and scientific scrutiny. Not available for students with credit in REN R 307 or ENCS 307. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R711 Experimental Design and Data Analysis in the Environmental Sciences Course Page

Description: Introduction to the scientific method; presentation of quantitative data in forestry, conservation and environmental sciences; common research approaches and experimental designs; fundamental concepts of statistics; classical hypothesis testing and Bayesian inference; parametric and non-parametric statistical tests; tests for binomial data; linear, nonlinear, and multiple regression. Not available for students with credit in REN R 480. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R712 Geographical Information Systems Applications in Renewable Resources Course Page

Description: A combination of computer lab instruction and directed studies in applied GIS. The focus of the course is an individual project of the student's choosing. Not available for students with credit in REN R 426. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R720 Tree Physiology Course Page

Description: Study of physiological processes in trees. Emphasis on primary and secondary metabolism, gas exchange, transport processes, growth, and environmental effects. Not available for students with credit in REN R 321. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R721 Forest Ecosystems Course Page

Description: Exploration of key concepts regarding the ecology of forest ecosystems at varying temporal and spatial scales. Emphasis will be on relationships between biotic and abiotic components of the ecosystem. Topics covered will include flows of energy and matter, ecosystem dynamics, forest landscapes and biodiversity, impacts of natural and anthropogenic disturbance, forest conservation and ecosystem management. Lab exercises during the first month are held outside. The course is taught using a blended learning approach and is available via remote delivery. May require payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. Not available for students with credit in REN R 322 or FOR 322. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R722 Silviculture Course Page

Description: Forest regeneration principles and techniques; stand tending including fertilization, thinning, pruning and drainage; harvesting systems for reforestation; nursery practices; reforestation, the law and current practices. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. Not available for students with credit in REN R 323 or FOR 323. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R723 Forest Operations Course Page

Description: Harvesting and transportation methods and technologies as applied to wood-harvesting operations. This is a general course for students who desire a basic knowledge of current technologies used to conduct forest operations. Offered in alternate years. Not available for students with credit in REN R 335 or FOREN 335. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R724 Wood Science and Utilization Course Page

Description: The anatomy and identification of woods; biological, chemical, and physical properties of wood and its components. Lumber, pulp and paper, and reconstituted wood products technologies. Concept of integrated utilization. Not available for students with credit in REN R 345 or FOREN 355. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R725 Advanced Tree Physiology Course Page

Description: Stress physiology of trees and tree seedlings; mechanisms of stress action and stress resistance; effects of silvicultural practices on growth and physiology; planting stress. Not available for students with credit in REN R 421. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R726 Advanced Silviculture Course Page

Description: Readings, discussions and exercises on current topics in silviculture. Possible topics include: forest microsites, forest competition, plantation forestry, partial-cut systems, or intensive management. Offered in alternate years. Not available for students with credit in REN R 423 or FOR 423. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R727 Forest Resources Management Course Page

Description: Analytical techniques used by renewable resource managers for management of wildland areas for single or multiple outputs; problems of defining optimality when confronted with competing uses and multiple outputs. Not available for students with credit in REN R 430. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R728 Integrated Forest Management Course Page

Description: Problem solving, decision making and planning in relation to the management of forest resources. Application of models and related tools. Public involvement and issues management will be addressed. Not available for students with credit in REN R 431 or FOR 431. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R730 Physical Hydrology Course Page

Description: Principles of physical and land-use hydrology. The interaction of vegetation, soils, and storage processes with physiography and climate in regulation of hydrologic processes and hydrologic response of watersheds including effects of disturbance on these functions. Not available for students with credit in REN R 350. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R731 Forest Watershed Management Course Page

Description: Seminar discussions/presentations on issues and methods in forest management and the production, protection, and regulation of wildland water resources. Relationship between disturbance (natural/anthropogenic) and water yield, regime, water quality. Watershed management as a component of integrated wildland management (ECA procedures, hydrologic modeling, stream protection zones (SPZs), best management practices (BMPs) and cumulative effects assessment). Not available for students with credit in REN R 452. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R732 Disturbance Ecology Fundamentals Course Page

Description: This course will cover various aspects of disturbance ecology, including concepts of disturbance frequency, severity, intensity; ecological resilience and resistance and ecosystem responses to and recovery from disturbance. Students will define what a disturbance is and critically evaluate disturbance types and their characteristics in different ecosystems and their implications for conservation, sustainability of ecosystems, and application to reclamation / restoration. Not available for students with credit in REN R 440. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R740 Forest Fire Science and Management Course Page

Description: Fire thermophysics, combustion energetics, fire behavior, fuels measurement and manipulation, fire effects; prescribed burning and introduction of fire spread models. Intended for students in course based masters programs. Not available for students with credit in REN R 340. Requires department consent.

REN R741 Soil Formation and Landscape Processes Course Page

Description: Soil formation, with emphasis on landscape processes as factors in soil development; pedogenic processes and their relation to environmental issues; soils; vegetation, and geological associations; kinds and distribution of soils in Canada; soil classification; field examination and computer-assisted learning of soils and their landscape. Field trips. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. Not available for students with credit in REN R 441 or SOILS 420. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R742 Soil Biogeochemistry Course Page

Description: Introduction to the main components of the soil biota; the metabolic and molecular diversity of microbial populations and their role in soil processes; the microbiology and biochemistry of decomposition of organic matter in soil; biogeochemical cycling of N, P, S, Si, base cations and metals; and the application of soil microbiology to selected environmental problems. Not available for students with credit in REN R 442 or SOILS 430. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R743 Soil Physics Course Page

Description: Quantitative characterization of soil physical properties. Description and measurement of soil physical properties and transport processes in soils. Examples from areas of land resource management, soil remediation, agriculture, and forestry will be used to illustrate the principles Not available for students with credit in REN R 443 or SOILS 440. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R744 Environmental Soil Chemistry Course Page

Description: Chemical processes in soil and related terrestrial environments and the consequences of these processes as they relate to soil productivity, environmental quality and pollution of soil and water. The course describes fundamental chemical concepts such as soil solution and solid phase chemistry, sorption phenomena, ion exchange, oxidation-reduction reactions and speciation of metals. These concepts are used to predict the fate (distribution, transport, bioavailability and transformation) of inorganic and organic contaminants in soil. The chemical principles provide fundamental knowledge to develop soil reclamation strategies and nutrient management practices for enhanced crop production. Not available for students with credit in REN R 444 or SOILS 450. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R745 Soil Fertility Course Page

Description: Essential plant nutrients; factors influencing nutrient availability; methods of evaluating soil fertility; correction of soil fertility problems; manufacture, composition, and use of fertilizers. Not available for students with credit in REN R 445 or SOILS 460. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R746 Climates and Ecosystems Course Page

Description: The basic principles by which the cycles of water, carbon, and nutrients through soils, plants, and the atmosphere are controlled in terrestrial ecosystems under different climates. Interrelationships among water, carbon and nutrient cycles in natural and managed ecosystems that have developed in different climatic zones. Environmental consequences of human intervention in the cycles for food and fibre production in different ecosystems. Not available for students with credit in ENCS 461 or REN R 446. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R747 Forest Health Course Page

Description: This course focuses on understanding and managing insects and diseases in natural and managed forest ecosystems and characterizes how they interact with the environment and each other to affect ecosystem functions and properties. Intended for students in course based masters programs. Not available for students with credit in REN R 447. Prerequisites: minimum of *54 university level credits and BIOL 208. Requires department consent.

REN R749 Forest Soils Course Page

Description: Chemical, physical, and biological properties and processes of soil in relation to site and the growth of forest vegetation; nutrient cycling; influences of surface soil erosion, fertilization, and fire upon forest soil productivity: forest land classification. Not available for students with credit in REN R 314 or FOR 314. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R750 Soil and Water Conservation Course Page

Description: Global soil and water resources and their current rates of degradation. The main processes of degradation (erosion, loss of organic matter, salinization, pollution) and their causes. Consequences of degradation and conservation of resources through improved land use practices. Not available for students with credit in REN R 360 or ENCS 360. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R751 Agroforestry Systems Course Page

Description: Principles, complexity, and diversity of agroforestry. Classification of agroforestry systems. Agroforestry systems in North America, specifically Canada. Plant and soil aspects of and interactions among the components in agroforestry systems. Use of agroforestry systems to enhance land productivity and sustainability. Socioeconomic aspects of agroforestry. Not available for students with credit in REN R 414. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R752 Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture Course Page

Description: Land-management issues that influence the sustainability of both agriculture and the land resource. Role of ecological processes in determining sustainability and the development and adoption of practices that facilitate long-term viability of both agriculture and biophysical resources. The concept of the agroecosystem and application of ecological principles to agricultural land management. Use of environmental indicators to measure and predict long-term sustainability of agricultural land management. Not available for students with credit in REN R 450. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R760 Biodiversity Analysis Course Page

Description: Introduction to the theory and application of biodiversity with an emphasis on quantitative analysis of biodiversity. The course covers the concepts of biodiversity (genetic, species and ecosystem), diversity measurements, estimation of species richness, synthetic patterns and generating mechanisms of species diversity (species-abundance, species-area, distribution-abundance, local-regional, beta diversity, richness-productivity, body size-richness, etc.) and the implications of the patterns and theories to the conservation of biodiversity. Laboratory session involves using statistical software R for analyzing various diversity data. Not available for students with credit in REN R 469. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R761 Restoration Ecology Course Page

Description: Principles and practices of restoring ecosystem structure, function and biodiversity after natural or anthropogenic disturbances. The course focuses on ecological theory and how to apply it to ecological restoration. Topics include landscape processes and connectivity, soil-plant processes, techniques, philosophy and ethics and societal aspects of ecological restoration. This course is intended for students in course based masters programs. Not available for students with credit in REN R 366. Requires department consent.

REN R764 Methods of Environmental Interpretation and Communication Course Page

Description: Methods of communicating environmentally relevant subject matter to a broad audience. Includes discussion of guided walks, in-person presentations, brochures, visitor centers, exhibits, signs, magazine articles, books, video production, media relations skills, websites and ecotourism. Not available for students with credit in REN R 467 or ENCS 467. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R765 Principles of Managing Natural Diversity Course Page

Description: Introduction to the theoretical foundation for conservation science. Elements of population, community and landscape ecology will be reviewed, and their application to real-world challenges discussed. Objective is to provide students with the scientific tools to evaluate and develop conservation strategies for maintaining diversity in human-altered systems. Ethical and philosophical aspects of the sociopolitical arena in which conservation decisions are made and implemented are also explored. Not available for students with credit in REN R 364 or ENCS 364. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R766 Protected Areas Planning and Management Course Page

Description: Principles and practices of planning and management of protected areas, including national and provincial parks and forest recreational systems; wilderness management; the integration of biological and sociological criteria in protected areas planning and management. Not available for students with credit in REN R 462 or ENCS 462. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R767 The Mosses of Alberta: Conservation and Identification Course Page

Description: This is an introduction to identification and conservation of the mosses of Alberta, with a strong emphasis on field identification. Students are introduced to the morphological characters used to identify Alberta mosses, with supplementary information about individual species' habitat affinities and distribution within Alberta. Lecture topics include basic morphology, conservation and management of species diversity, and rare/ endangered species found within Alberta. Students learn to identify more than 110 species from the province's six major natural regions. Not available for students with credit in REN R 327. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R768 Management and Utilization of Forest Genetic Resources Course Page

Description: Basic principles in plant genetics and resource utilization including tree improvement and reclamation will be covered. Regular lectures will be supplemented with guest lectures and one lab exercise or field trip per month, an individual term report and presentation/discussion lead on a selected paper will be required. Not available for students with credit in REN R 368. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R770 Utilization of Wildlife Resources Course Page

Description: Issues, principles and science surrounding sustainable use of wildlife resources. Hunting, angling and trapping for subsistence, recreational and commercial purposes. Sociopolitical dimensions of harvest regulation, wildlife administration, and human demographic changes. Field trips. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. Not available for students with credit in REN R 474 or ENCS 474. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R771 Fisheries and Wildlife Management Course Page

Description: Principles of ecology as applied to the management of fisheries and wildlife communities. Topics include the growth and regulation of populations, interactions among species and their environments, tools and techniques used to assess and manage fisheries and wildlife. Special emphasis will be placed applying knowledge using case studies and class exercises to demonstrate key principles. Not available for students with credit in REN R 376 or ENCS 376. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R772 Dynamics of Wildlife and Rangeland Ecosystems Course Page

Description: Plant-herbivore interactions and grazing systems management. Systems analysis, simulation modelling, expert systems, and other computer applications in wildlife and range management. Not available for students with credit in REN R 476 or ENCS 476. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R782 Soil Remediation Course Page

Description: Principles and methods of biological, chemical, and physical remediation of soils contaminated by hazardous chemicals and other pollutants. Topics include soil-contaminant interactions, microbial processes used in remediation and process fundamentals of remediation technologies including bioremediation and phytoremediation. Other important environmental issues associated with growing industrial activities such as off-shore oil spills, and production of red mud sludge and oil sands tailings are included with potential remediation strategies to address those issues. This course describes approaches to managing contaminated sites incorporating Canadian guidelines and soil quality criteria for soil remediation. Not available for students with credit in REN R 482 or ENCS 455. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R783 Waste Management and Utilization Course Page

Description: Chemical, biological, and physical properties of anthropogenic wastes, their reactions in the soil environment, theory and practice for their chemical and biological immobilization and use in agriculture, forest, and urban lands. Not available for students with credit in REN R 483 or ENCS 475. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R795 Land Reclamation Course Page

Description: Principles, practices, and philosophy of reclamation of degraded lands. Topics include types of land disturbances and regulations governing their reclamation, landscape development, site preparation, soil reclamation and remediation, revegetation, seed mix design, planting methods, plant species selection, monitoring, determining success, plant community ecology and change, bioengineering, phytoremediation, vegetative reclamation, and ecological restoration. Team based land reclamation project required. Not available for students with credit in REN R 475, 485 or 495. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R796 Conservation Planning Course Page

Description: Conservation Planning is a quantitative, inter-disciplinary applied science that prioritizes conservation actions in a spatially-explicit manner. It seeks to understand trade-offs between biological, social and economic factors associated with land use activities. The course is a combination of computing labs that demonstrate key principles and software, lectures to discuss key issues, and a student-led final project to apply key concepts and quantitative techniques. Special emphasis is given to Alberta's land use planning challenges, although North American examples and exercises are also used. Not available for students with credit in REN R 496. Available only to students in MAg, MBA/MAg, MF, or MBA/MF, or by consent of Department.

REN R900A Research Project Course Page

Description: Required of all Soils MAg candidates in their final year. It does not usually involve collection of original data but makes use of published or unpublished data from other sources. The report is to be defended before a committee of three staff members, one member being from outside the Department of Renewable Resources.

REN R900B Research Project Course Page

Description: Required of all Soils MAg candidates in their final year. It does not usually involve collection of original data but makes use of published or unpublished data from other sources. The report is to be defended before a committee of three staff members, one member being from outside the Department of Renewable Resources.

REN R906 Research Project Course Page

Description: The final research project that comprises REN R 906 is a final capping exercise for the degrees of MAg and MF. Its practical and professional focus should integrate the core areas of study in the program. The successful completion of the project entails (1) a research topic approved by the supervisor; (2) the presentation of a draft research proposal; and (3) the presentation of the research as a written document to the supervisor. The project may take the form of any of the following: (1) a formal analysis of management practice, organizational processes or policy; (2) a formative or summative evaluation of a research project or program; (3) a case study, using secondary documents, survey data, or interviews; or (4) replication of a previous study, with either the introduction of a new variable or an analysis in a changed context.

REN R906A Research Project Course Page

Description: The final research project that comprises REN R 906 is a final capping exercise for the degrees of MAg and MF. Its practical and professional focus should integrate the core areas of study in the program. The successful completion of the project entails (1) a research topic approved by the supervisor; (2) the presentation of a draft research proposal; and (3) the presentation of the research as a written document to the supervisor. The project may take the form of any of the following: (1) a formal analysis of management practice, organizational processes or policy; (2) a formative or summative evaluation of a research project or program; (3) a case study, using secondary documents, survey data, or interviews; or (4) replication of a previous study, with either the introduction of a new variable or an analysis in a changed context.

REN R906B Research Project Course Page

Description: The final research project that comprises REN R 906 is a final capping exercise for the degrees of MAg and MF. Its practical and professional focus should integrate the core areas of study in the program. The successful completion of the project entails (1) a research topic approved by the supervisor; (2) the presentation of a draft research proposal; and (3) the presentation of the research as a written document to the supervisor. The project may take the form of any of the following: (1) a formal analysis of management practice, organizational processes or policy; (2) a formative or summative evaluation of a research project or program; (3) a case study, using secondary documents, survey data, or interviews; or (4) replication of a previous study, with either the introduction of a new variable or an analysis in a changed context.

REN R912 Research Project Course Page

Description: The final research project that comprises REN R 912 is a final capping exercise for the degrees of MAg and MF. Its practical and professional focus should integrate the core areas of study in the program. The successful completion of the project entails (1) a research topic approved by the supervisor; (2) the presentation of a draft research proposal; and (3) the presentation of the research as a written document to the supervisor. The project may take the form of any of the following: (1) a formal analysis of management practice, organizational processes or policy; (2) a formative or summative evaluation of a research project or program; (3) a case study, using secondary documents, survey data, or interviews; or (4) replication of a previous study, with either the introduction of a new variable or an analysis in a changed context.

REN R912A Research Project Course Page

Description: The final research project that comprises REN R 912 is a final capping exercise for the degrees of MAg and MF. Its practical and professional focus should integrate the core areas of study in the program. The successful completion of the project entails (1) a research topic approved by the supervisor; (2) the presentation of a draft research proposal; and (3) the presentation of the research as a written document to the supervisor. The project may take the form of any of the following: (1) a formal analysis of management practice, organizational processes or policy; (2) a formative or summative evaluation of a research project or program; (3) a case study, using secondary documents, survey data, or interviews; or (4) replication of a previous study, with either the introduction of a new variable or an analysis in a changed context.

REN R912B Research Project Course Page

Description: The final research project that comprises REN R 912 is a final capping exercise for the degrees of MAg and MF. Its practical and professional focus should integrate the core areas of study in the program. The successful completion of the project entails (1) a research topic approved by the supervisor; (2) the presentation of a draft research proposal; and (3) the presentation of the research as a written document to the supervisor. The project may take the form of any of the following: (1) a formal analysis of management practice, organizational processes or policy; (2) a formative or summative evaluation of a research project or program; (3) a case study, using secondary documents, survey data, or interviews; or (4) replication of a previous study, with either the introduction of a new variable or an analysis in a changed context.